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在校成績(GPA, grade point average)入學申請的重要性**
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March 30, 2011 by HelloUS.com



在校平均成績(GPA, grade point average)在入學申請的重要性

GPA對於申請入學的重要性是眾所皆知,不只從成績看出學生聰明才智;同時衡量身為學生的申請者在整體表現狀況。成績還反映了學習動機和持續力。平均來說,碩士課程GPA平均要求3.0到3.3之間;博士學位則要求GPA3.3到3.5。

課程
不同課程有不同的衡量標準。入學委員會可能認為得到「B」的「高級統計學Advanced Statistics」比「A」的「初級瓷器課程Introduction to Pottery」還要重要。簡言之,入學委員會考量因素是GPA的整體內容:包含課程名稱、課程內容。舉例來說,一般課程如「提籃編織課程Basket Weaving for Beginners」得高分沒有勝過於低分的挑戰性課程。入學委員會不只看GPA總成績,同時也看與申請相關課程的GPA,所以申請者在大學課程應該是要視未來申請研究所而論。

為什麼要看考試成績Standardized Exams?
入學委員會了解申請者的GPA無法完全反映實際狀況,畢竟各校的狀況會有所差異;相同學校之間,不同教授的評分標準也有所出入。GPA給分並非標準化程序,GPA無法看出申請者的實力差異。因此,入學委員會還會考慮考試的成績,包含GRE、MCAT、LSAT和GMAT等成績。如果有申請者GPA成績不高,那考試成績就相當重要了!

如果我的GPA成績不佳?
如果還在就讀大學二、三年級,那還有機會衝高GPA成績。要注意的是選越多課程,越不容易提升GPA成績,好好加油讓自己成績成長才是最重要的。那如果已經要畢業,來不及了呢?
盡責把現在的成績維持
  • 選擇幾門有益課程。在這些課程維持普通成績遠比選容易得高分的課程好多了!
  • 多選擇幾堂課。不要只選到最低修課學分,有課程就有機會得高分。
  • 參與暑修課程。雖然課程很緊湊,不過只有專注一兩堂課可以提高整體成績。
  • 考慮延後畢業。多再學校待一點時間,多選一些課有助於提升GPA。
  • 選修研究所或是重要大學課程。利用課程表現自己的學習態度。這些課程的成績可以間接表現出申請者未來就讀研究所實力。


What's the Role of GPA in Graduate School Admissions?

Your GPA or grade point average is important to admissions committees, not because it signifies your intelligence, but instead because it is a long-term indicator how well you perform your job as student. Grades reflect your motivation and your ability to do consistently good or bad work. Generally, most master's programs require minimum GPAs of 3.0 or 3.3, and most doctoral programs require minimum GPAs of 3.3 or 3.5.

Course Quality Can Trump Grade
Not all grades are the same, though. Admissions committees study the courses taken: a B in Advanced Statistics is worth more than an A in Introduction to Pottery. In other words, they consider the context of the GPA: Where was it obtained and of what courses is it comprised? In many cases, it's better to have a lower GPA composed of solid challenging courses than a high GPA based on easy courses like "Basket Weaving for Beginners" and the like. Admissions committees study your transcript and examine your overall GPA as well as the GPA for the courses relevant to the programs to which you're applying (e.g., GPA in science and math courses for applicants to medical school and graduate programs in the sciences). Ensure that you're taking the right courses for the graduate program to which you plan to apply.

Why Turn to Standardized Exams?
Admissions committees also understand that applicants' grade point averages often can't be meaningfully compared. Grades can differ among universities: an A at one university may be a B+ at another. Also grades differ among professors in the same university. Because grade point averages are not standardized, it's hard to compare applicants' GPAs. Therefore admissions committees turn to standardized exams, like the GRE, MCAT, LSAT, and GMAT, to make comparisons among applicants from different universities. Therefore if you have a low GPA, it is essential that you try your best on these tests.

What If I Have a Low GPA?
If it is early in your academic career, for example you are in your sophomore year or beginning your junior year, you have time to boost your GPA. Remember that the more credits you have taken, the harder it is to raise your GPA, so try to catch a spiraling GPA before it does much damage. What it it’s too late?

•Try your best (obviously).

•Take high quality courses. Sure it's easy to raise your GPA with introductory courses and so-called "easy A's" but admissions committees see through those tactics. A lower GPA composed of high quality courses will do you more good than a high GPA composed of "easy" courses.

•Take more classes. Don' t just take the minimum number of courses needed to graduate. Instead take more courses so that you have more opportunities to raise your GPA.

•Take summer courses. Summer classes are intense but they permit you to focus entirely on one (or two) classes, which means that you're likely to do well.

•Consider delaying graduation. Spend an extra semester or more in school to take courses to raise your GPA.

•After graduation, take a few graduate courses or challenging undergraduate courses to show your aptitude. Point to your performance in these classes as an indictor of your capacity for graduate work.

資料來源:gradschool.about.com
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