成為一名動畫師的管道?
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April 30, 2012 by Hello US編輯室



§ 原創翻譯:www.HelloUS.com §

動畫職場需要的是純熟的藝術技巧,以及對於電腦尖端科技新知的了解。它也需具備把創意變成出色圖像的能力,並藉由豐富的視覺效果來表達故事或訊息。這樣的行業適合你嗎?你能否成為一位動畫師?

一般人對動畫師的認知停留在那些創造出我們所愛的卡通與電影的才華藝術家。然而,動畫師的形成還可以透過多種不同的職場管道,由於動畫人才需求不斷增加,他們許多從事著跟視覺動畫相關的各樣工作,投身於網站設計,線上廣告與遊戲產業等等。
動畫人員可以在電影或電視製作公司、廣告業、網際網路、遊戲產業或是動畫產業找到全職的工作,而自由接案也是動畫人員的另一項就業選擇,尤其是那些專攻於網路動畫的人們。由於進入動畫領域的基礎門檻通常要求人員擁有藝術或媒體相關領域的文憑背景,導致許多動畫學校開設針對電腦動畫與相關技術的課程,此外,一份好的作品集是進入動畫領域與成為一名動畫師的關鍵要素,相關培訓課程便能幫助你達成目標。

以下為動畫從業人員於各行業發展的契機:

遊戲產業
近年來,動畫遊戲產業成為大幅躍進的成長產業,幾乎所有遊戲製作均需要動畫團隊的幫助,例如讓角色鮮活明朗的"動態捕捉"技術,除了常見於電影裡頭,也被大量使用在遊戲設計之中。各行各業牽涉到動畫設計的層面極為廣泛,上述只是其中一項,我們可以說,這正是動畫人才跨足遊戲界的好時機。
讓一個遊戲成功的要素包含了角色材質,燈光效果,和其他特效,這些同樣是人們沉迷於遊戲其中的原因,也造成社會對這方面的人才需求趨於成長,這樣聽起來每個遊戲設計似乎都使用了相同的技術元素,然而這正說明了技術的差距正在縮小,而消費者的需求不斷增加。
毫無疑問地,動畫設計和遊戲設計之間有著明顯的互通橋樑,這一點即反映在遊戲設計科系的課程當中,經常有著大量的動畫元素。

電影與電視製作
這個領域的動畫從業人員需求量極大,工作範疇包含角色動畫,卡通,商標設計,特效以及更多樣的形式。3D技術的應用在電腦動畫界已經相當普及,例如電影"魔戒","海底總動員”與最新的“星際大戰前傳"都是依靠3D電腦動畫製作而成。六、七年前製作的3D畫面看起來仍然虛假,然而現在逼真的程度有如寫實照片般,這便是仰賴動畫與3D技術。像Maya這樣的軟體可以繪製出驚人的細節與讓人信服的角色如咕嚕、戒靈、一場狂暴的戰鬥或怒吼中的半獸人等等,此等皆藉由動態捕捉的技術來增加人物的真實感。電影製作方面亦涵蓋了角色材質,燈光效果,碰撞檢測,和其他特殊效果。
電視界也提供了電腦動畫業者公平的發展機會。例如電視廣告裡充斥著由電腦繪製而成的商標、貓、歌曲、瓶子、舞蹈等等,觀看本地新聞時,我們經常在畫面中發現會動的商標,此外,某些電視影集更是依賴動畫人員來製造數位特殊效果,以上皆有可能是某些人進入動畫這個職場的機會。

網際網路
上網時,你越來越常看見電腦螢幕上跳動著動畫廣告,在電影或者音樂網站上,你也很有機會看見動畫的片段。就像其他媒體行業,網路正以驚人的速度在擴張,一有新的網站與廣告需求便需要一種脫穎而出的方式來宣傳,除了靜止的圖像之外,為何不以動畫人物或文字來得取網路使用者的注意呢?

動畫產業的前景
動畫從業人員與多媒體藝術家(可視為同類型)的平均薪資大概為$44,000美元。遊戲界與電影產業的中間薪資較高,大概在$60,000左右。與其他產業相同的是其薪資隨著他們的雇主和所處的地區而有所不同。
電腦動畫產業與許多具有創造性質的領域一樣,競爭十分激烈。隨著網際網絡,娛樂事業,以及其他多媒體行業的持續增長,為有才華的藝術家提供成為動畫師的工作機會。
然而,你最好在頂尖的動畫學校裡受到適當的培訓-在那些雇主尋求人才的地方,不僅在那裡得到最好的裝備訓練,並增加與熟悉此行業的人士接觸的機會,這點與培訓本身同等重要。

如果你是一個藝術家,具備著眼於細節以及處理緊迫事件的能力,也許你在等待的就是動畫事業。你有成為動畫師的條件與能力嗎?

§ 原創翻譯:www.HelloUS.com §

Animation Career Information

A career in animation requires strong artistic skills and a solid familiarity with the latest in computer animation technologies. It also requires the ability to turn creative thoughts into compelling images, using them to effectively communicate an idea. Is this industry right for you? Could you become an animator?
There are a number of different career paths for animators. We often think of animators as the talented artists who create the cartoons we love, either for film or movies. Animators continue to work in these areas, but increasingly, many are employed creating animated graphics for a variety of projects.
This can include websites, online advertisements and video games. Animators can find full-time employment with movie or television production companies, with advertisers, web design firms, video game companies or with animation firms. Free lance work is another option for animators, particularly those specializing in web animation. Most entry-level positions will require an animator to have a bachelors degree in a related field such as fine arts or media. There are a number of Computer Animation Schools that offer course work specifically in computer animation and associated technologies. In addition, a strong portfolio of work which a training program can help you to develop is an essential part of landing a job in computer animation and becoming an animator.
The video game industry is just exploding right now, with no slowdown in sight. Nearly all games will need a team of animators to bring the games to life. Motion capture often is being used here as well as in movies to nail down convincing character animation. But there is still a lot of work involved obviously. This is where you could come in. : ) But this of course is one narrow example. Texture mapping, lighting effects, and other special effects are just as important to the success of a video games attempt to draw you in and immerse you. It might sound like many of the same elements in a feature film. That's because technology is closing in the gap, and the paying consumer demands more.
There is an obvious bridge between animation and video game design. This connection is often reflected in video game design programs and degrees that have strong elements of animation in their coursework.

Movie & Television Production:
The full spectrum of animation in these areas is quite large. Jobs may include character animation in the form of a cartoon, logo, special effect and more. In case you haven't noticed, 3D really has taken off in the realm of computer animation and animation in general.Movies such as Lord of the Rings, Finding Nemo, the latest Star Wars prequels are all relying extensively on 3D computer animation. What would have looked fake and rigid a mere 6-7 years ago now looks photo realistic and seamless for 3D rendering and animation. A program like Maya can spit out amazingly detailed and convincing characters like Gollum (seen below), Ring Wraiths, and an insane amount of fighting, screaming Orcs. Exciting techniques involving motion capture can really add to the realism of characters. It really is an exciting time to be in the industry. Texture mapping, lighting effects, collision detection and special effects also need to be covered.
TV also offers a fair amount of opportunity in computer animation. Commercials are littered with animated logos, cats that sing, and bottles that dance. : ) Local News always has an animator of some kind doing the logo fly in or that kind of thing. There are also TV movies, and obviously shows that rely on a computer artist to do some digital special effects. Some may start their animation career this way.

The Internet:
More and more, you are seeing animated advertisements dance across your screen as you're on the Internet. You go to a movie site or a band site, and you have a very good chance of seeing a flash animation. Much like other media industries, the Internet is expanding at a mind boggling rate. And with it comes new websites and advertisements that need a way to stand out. Static images don't always cut it, so why not get the attention of the viewer with animated characters or text?
An Outlook on the Computer Animation Industry

Salaried animators and multi-media artists (grouped together) are earning an average of about $44,000. In the video and motion picture industry the median salary is higher, at around $60,000. As with every career, the salaries animators earned varied greatly with their employer and their region.
Computer animation, like many creative fields, is fiercely competitive. As the web, the entertainment industry, and other multimedia outlets continue to grow, there continue to be opportunities for talented artists to work as animators. But you really need to get the proper training at one of the strong computer animation schools to be on that cutting edge that these employers seek. Not only do you get hands on training with the best equipment, but you also rub shoulders with those who know the industry well. This is just as important as the training itself.

If you are artistic, have an eye for detail, can meet tight deadlines, then maybe an animation career is what you have been waiting for. Do YOU have what it takes to become an animator?
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