2012年最佳職業之一:建築師
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April 5, 2012 by Hello US編輯室



2012年最佳職業之一:建築師

§ 原創翻譯:www.HelloUS.com §

試想你在一天當中可能去的地方:咖啡廳,火車站,辦公室,餐館,雜貨店,與公園等等—所有這些地方都是建築師的創作。建築師參與建設過程中的每個階段,從最初的規劃會議到剪彩儀式,以確保他們的作品是實用安全且具美觀性。這些參與說明了建築師必須具備多元化的技能,包括設計,工程,管理,監督,以及與客戶和建設者之間的互動。其中,溝通技巧尤為重要,建築師必須有效地傳達他們對一個項目的獨特眼光,並且能夠與許多領域的專業人士互動。

就業前景

未來幾年將是美國移民潮與嬰兒潮(Baby Boomer)一代進入退休的時代,隨之而來的便是住宅、衛生保健設施與辦公室大樓的市場需求增加,這意味著建築師的就業市場將持續穩定狀態。根據美國勞工局統計,2010至2020年間建築師就業將增長23.1%,並於此領域增加31,300名專業人士。

薪資所得

另外,勞工局的另ㄧ項紀錄顯示,在2010年建築師的中間薪資為$72,550,而領取最高薪資119,500美元左右的人大約佔了百分之十,另外百分之十領取最低薪資在$42,860美元左右。建築業高薪地區分布於幾個大都會區,如在薩拉索塔,佛羅里達州(Sarasota, Fla.,)、阿倫敦(Allentown)、賓夕法尼亞(Penn)和薩克拉門托(Sacramento)等地。

建築師薪資範圍Architect Salary Range:
75%薪資為: $93,020
中間薪資為: $72,550
25%薪資為: $54,650

教育與準備

美國各州大多數要求建築師擁有建築專業學位,由全國建築檢定委員會認可的近120所學校頒發,然而,州建築註冊委員則有自己的標準,因此某些非經由檢定委員會而來的學位在特定的州別可能足夠。因此,你必需瞭解相關的要求,在你選擇就業城市時。
有幾條路線,可以獲得建築學位:
大多數沒有相關求學背景的人選擇五年的學程,其他在建築領域以外擁有學士學位的人則選擇攻讀研究所課程,這可能需要一至五年來完成。畢業之後還必須有一段培訓的時間,時間通常為三年或者更久,之後才可能參加執照考試。訓練的時間則因各州而有所不同。

建築師需具備的工作特質

建築師的工作經常需要與廣泛的人群互動,因此,在工作中如何與他人相處融洽是必修課。「你必須展現出團隊工作的能力,尤其是和那些與你不一樣的人們。」美國建築師學會的知識資源總監Richard L. Hayes在電子郵件中寫道。Hayes指出「表現出你能解決複雜問題的能力」為獲得在建築領域工作的另一個重要的元素,特別是在衛生保健設施領域的設計師,這是一個逐漸成長的專業化領域。

建築師職場現象

建築師多數時間待在舒適的辦公空間畫設計圖與應付客戶,但他們也經常前往建築工地檢查項目的進展情況。成功的建築師能夠兼顧每個項目的專業關係,同時完成其他工作職責。大多數建築師的工作時間每週不到50小時,但隨著工作期限的逼近,許多人被迫連夜加班或週末工作,以便按時完成。

§ 原創翻譯:www.HelloUS.com §

原文如下:

Best Jobs 2012: Architect

As one of the Best Jobs of 2012, this profession should see significant growth over the next decade

By NATHAN HELLMAN
February 27, 2012 RSS Feed Print

The Rundown:

Think of all the places you go in a single day: coffee shops, train stations, office buildings, restaurants, grocery stores, city parks, and so on. What may not dawn on you in the rush of the day is that all these places are the creation of architects. To ensure their creations are practical, safe, and aesthetically pleasing, architects are involved in each stage of the construction process, from the initial planning session to the ribbon-cutting ceremony. This level of involvement requires a diverse skill set, which includes designing, engineering, managing, supervising, and interacting with clients and builders. Communication skills are especially important. Architects must effectively convey their unique vision for a project and interact with professionals from many fields.

The Outlook:

With steady migration to Sun Belt states and many baby boomers retiring in the next few years, there should be an uptick in demand for new homes, healthcare facilities, and office buildings. This means the job market for architects should remain solid. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects architect employment growth of 23.1 percent between 2010 and 2020, adding 31,300 more professionals to the 135,400 already-existing jobs in this field.

Money:

The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports the median annual wage for architects was $72,550 in 2010. The best-paid 10 percent in the profession made approximately $119,500, while the bottom 10 percent made approximately $42,860. The highest-paid in the profession work in the metropolitan areas of Sarasota, Fla., Allentown, Penn, and Sacramento.


Architect Salary Range:

75th Percentile Wage: $93,020

Median Wage: $72,550

25th Percentile Wage: $54,650

Education and Preparation:

Most states require architects to possess a professional degree in architecture from one of the nearly 120 schools of architecture accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board. However, state architectural registration boards specify their own standards, so a degree from non-accredited program may suffice in select states. Therefore, check the requirements for any state where you wish to work. There are a few routes to obtaining a degree in architecture. Most architects choose the five-year degree intended for students with no previous training. Others opt to enroll in a graduate program, which can take one to five years to complete, after obtaining an undergraduate degree in a field outside of architecture. Graduates must complete a training period, typically of three years or more, before they may sit for the licensing exam. Requirements for this training period vary by state.

On Landing an Architect Job:

Architects interact with a wide-ranging group of people on each project, so working well with others is a must. "You need to show that you work well in teams—especially with people different than you are," Richard L. Hayes, director of knowledge resources for The American Institute of Architects, wrote in an email. According to Hayes, demonstrating that you "can think about the best path through a complex problem" is another important element to getting a job in the field. Healthcare architecture, such as designing healthy communities and buildings, is a growing area of specialization that Hayes recommends for aspiring architects.

What is an Architect Job Like?

Architects spend most of their time drafting plans or corresponding with clients from comfortable office spaces, but they also frequently visit construction sites to check on the progress of projects. Successful architects are able to juggle a number of professional relationships for each project while still completing other job responsibilities. Most architects work less than 50 hours per week, but as deadlines approach, many are forced to work long nights or weekends to finish in time.
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