給GMAT新手的讀書計畫
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July 15, 2011 by HelloUS
§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com

給GMAT新手的讀書計畫


如果你對GMAT還很陌生而且正在想如何開始或想試試水溫-那麼這個地方是再適合不過了

第一步首先,讓自己熟析GMAT的體系及規則。如果還不了解,請看 GMAT FAQ (常見問題),也可以連結http://www.mba.com/瀏覽。進入網頁後,下載GMAT Prep 兩項練習測驗(由GMAT製作群發行)。這兩項測驗包含了GMAT實境題目,符合真實GMAT的規則,在任何時刻都是測量您GMAT分數的最佳工具。

第二步利用練習測驗來評量出自我的實力跟目標之間的距離。很多人都知道免費使用GMAT Prep tests是一個很好的機會(我會再告訴你如何取得更多的練習測驗的載點)。而這個測驗實用的主因是可以讓你清楚你的起始點(現在)和目標(測驗GMAT後)做比較。或者你可以做Princeton, Kaplan, Manhattan的電腦化適性測驗或其他測驗,再使用GMAT分數計算表來評量出你的真實GMAT 等量分數。如果測驗中需要寫一篇文章的話可以跳過。所有提供GMAT測驗的清單詳見all-gmat-cat-practice-tests-links-prices-reviews-77460.html。

第三步找出你實際需要的GMAT分數。這是要給你一個依據的標準來知道你需要700分來通過前10所學校,68分通過前20所,650分通過前50所,意思是說,你的分數不能是個阻礙,而且你需要更高的50分來脫穎而出。大多數人可以提高50到150分之間,依據剛才所作的診斷測試可以提供你一個數據來知道你的強項在哪。

第四步: 明白自己的弱點。看看自己的練習測驗的分數並記下原始分數的分配(你會得到三組數字如600和兩個兩位數的分數35和40。這兩個兩位數是你每個部份的原始分數,它們有相對應的百分位數。)看看你的排名。再來是做出基本的錯誤分析並了解哪一種題型對你來說是最困難的。可以選擇的有PS、DS、CR、RC、SC,以及可能更詳細的如可能性或假設性問題等等…。接下來利用這些資訊來準備你的學習計畫。

第五步: 最後,規劃出你的學習計畫。要考GMAT需要準備一些工具和手段。你將會需要一些書籍來評論這些基本測驗。採取一些策略、做些GMAT測驗可以練習策略也可以評估你準備的進度。GMAT書評請參考討論區top-gmat-prep-books-guides-reviews-comments-77703.html所有GMAT測驗都在all-gmat-cat-practice-tests-links-prices-reviews-77460.html最後,就是規劃出你的學習計畫use this calendar format

第六步: 避免犯下在準備GMAT時常出現的典型錯誤和陷阱。這裡舉一個最常見的通病: 在毫無準備的情況下就參加考試,卻期待有奇蹟出現。GMAT包含很多層面,在進入到另一層面之前先精通每個層面是很重要的。把它看作是Maslow的需求金字塔好了,在顧好基本需求例如安全與維生之前先滿足社會需求,這樣是沒有用的。同樣的道理,如果你不知道GMAT是在測驗文法與算術,那麼你解了上百題題目或作很多的GMAT測驗也是沒有用的。意思是說,英語若不是你的母語,你就不應該在RC(閱讀)策略上下功夫,如果你不能明白這一半的途徑,你必須先行大量閱讀這條長遠的道路。要說明這個規則,我們要用以下的GMAT金字塔來詳述:




在常識的階段涵蓋一個章/節/領域。
在問題策略階段開始練習你剛剛觸及的領域或整個部分的問題,但不嘗試你還沒摸索的問題。
在測試策略的階段開始做冗長的測驗,然後練習融合問題和知識。


§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com

這是GMAT社團會員最常使用的學習計畫之ㄧ:

用一本一般的指南手冊也就是Kaplan Premiere Book來學習基本概念和策略。你可以看完整的推薦書籍清單。你可以看到經歷Premiere book之後在Kaplan測驗中你的表現如何(記住,Kaplan測驗的分數有時候無法與真實GMAT比較,所以不需太過擔心)

第一個月

• 先從數學部份開始,並且只專注於數學(你可以做數學和語文但是我建議你先把所有的注意力放在一個部份就好)估計需花費4個星期。

• 開始紀錄錯誤。記錄你的錯誤和猜測,這在3個月內會是你的學習指南。

• 選擇性步驟: 如果你感到負荷過重而且你真的在數學方面很弱,那就參考MGMAT數學入門書(專門提供更加全面的數學概念)。

• 同時,開始閱讀 GMAT Fiction (請看下面有詳細說明)。

• 參與數學討論區。你會受益良多,尤其是當你試著要去教別人或解釋一件事情時。

• 完成數學的部份後,開始做測驗中的數學部份。

• 評估結果,決定是否需花費更多的時間在數學上然後解決某些自己較不足的地方或是改變重心到語文的部份。這個決定會根據你的GMAT目標分數。如果你追求分數要高到600分和700分,那就不要跳過計量題,除非能得到差不多44題的分數左右 (再次申明 Kaplan tests 的難度更高)。

• 如果在計量上需要更多的幫助,參考Math Resources on GMATClub或GMAT Math Books的部份,特別是很多成員都推薦的Manhattan GMAT Number Properties book。另外一本書你可以考慮的是PR 1012。它擁有針對性質的GMAT練習題,有助於磨練自己的技巧。

• 如果你能輕鬆掌握計量的題目而且想要達到50題以上,那麼嘗試GMAT會試,他們提供很多困難的題目,而且題型是專為高階數學試者而設計的。

第二個月

• 開始著手於語文部分。你可以從任何部份開始,但是我的建議是先從句型改錯下手。

• 錯誤紀錄!

• 句型改錯有選擇性的步驟: 如果你的母語不是英語,那麼在準備GMAT之前,你需要一本好的文法書來建立穩固的底子,作為研讀GMAT特定書籍之前的基礎。討論區內有推薦許多文法書best-gmat-grammar-book-for-international-students-79934.html。 我們設計了一本專門針對這種需求的書 - 終極 GMAT文法書(它涵蓋所有GMAT的考試用文法題,加上一些國際學生會覺得困難的概念(文章等等…)。其他可以考慮的書是Kaplan Verbal Foundations 和MGMAT Verbal Foundations (這兩本書寫得很好,但仍然不及終極GMAT文法書來的詳細。這本能夠幫你決定你需要多少幫助或你有多少時間。此外,看看GMAT Club's Verbal Resources,裡面有很多讀書筆記。

• 對於你的語文練習,你可以從Kaplan Verbal Workbook開始。這是一個很好的方法)。另外一個很好的選擇是PowerScore語文聖經(按照它的價值性和分數可以提昇,我會說它算是很好的了。它涵蓋了SC(修辭),CR(邏輯)和RC(閱讀)。

• 另一步: 很多GMAT俱樂部會員實際上會跳過上述的步驟,反而採用專門的書籍來解決各種問題的類型。而他們用的書是:

o 句型改錯-不是MGMAT SC 就是 PowerScore SC
o 批判推理-不是MGMAT CR就是PowerScore CR
o 閱讀理解-MGMAT RC
o 注記1: MGMAT CR 和MGMAT SC 沒有練習題,而是參考 Official Guide 12 和OG Verbal裡面的題目,所以你必須要有這兩本書來練習,而且最好不要讀過去的題目。確定的一點是所有Manhattan books 都和 6 online CAT tests 有關,所以你至少要買一本Manhattan GMAT book (任一本)。
o 注記2: 這種專業的語文準備方法必須花接近兩個月的時間。

•批判推理有選擇性的步驟:如果需要用批判推理得到更多幫助- 不要同時 用PowerScore CR 和 Manhattan GMAT CR – 這兩本書幾乎是一樣的(不完全,但有些)。相反的,你可以再用PR1012 book以假設性或結論性的問題進行針對性的練習。你也可以來重量級的,使用LSAT books,但是這樣有點太硬性了,通常沒什麼必要。

•閱讀理解常常是最難克服的部份: 沒有明確的規則而且純粹是文章的理解。除非你強烈的覺得閱讀是你的強項,那我就會推薦你先養成閱讀的習慣。在我所提到的 GMAT Fiction 中,我已經著墨甚多還有提到它的好處(可以看看)。我覺得閱讀對於我的SC(修辭)和RC(閱讀)能力有很大的幫助。絕對沒有壞處的是,你可能看過一些偉大的著作。是的,務必確保你在生產效率低的時期有讀這些書(在晚上、運輸過程中時,等等…)。

•語文討論區從現在開始必須變成一種習慣。

•做測驗的語文部分來評估你的進展 (跟你在診斷性測驗中做比較)。

第三個月

•這個月你需要把時間投入在兩件事上:做完整的冗長測驗(磨練你的考試技巧、時間掌握和耐力),並重新檢視你的錯誤紀錄(仔細檢查你的弱點,明白為什麼你會一直犯錯,以及如何解決你所遇到的問題)。你可以開始紀錄你的錯誤(越早越好)。

•規劃你的測驗,如果你還沒有這麼做的話。

•做完整的冗長測驗(包括AWA)-對於你的考試耐力這是很重要的。計劃花一個星期六在這方面下功夫,然後測驗檢查。

•花幾個星期做測驗,然後深入到你最弱的部份。列出一直困擾你的“問題清單”後,再不費精神的找出方法來解決這些問題。


§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com


準備GMAT時常見的錯誤

1: 還沒學到任何東西之前就先考試:浪費測驗
2: 從官方指南開始:浪費GMAT正式題目
3: 在不對的時間做 GMAT:經過漫長的一天學習
4: 跳過基本的直接進入進階的試題
5: 英文能力還未及就開始準備

其他想法與建議:
對我來說有用的建議...數獨和魔術方塊...!雖然有點抽象,但是就像你說的讀GMAT fiction有用...。


你應該準備多久?

上述提到這項學習計畫的建議是3個月,而且每星期大約10-15小時(平日2小時、假日5小時)。超過3個月後,則需要大約120-180小時,包括閱讀一些書籍,這樣真實際算下來的讀書時間大約是80-120小時。

這裡提供一個有用的訊息,這是年初時,從大約8000 GMAC用戶調查的報告:你可以看到一個大致上的關係,但是當然我們也無法完全保證,因為我們也不知道每個人的學習習慣或開始的程度高低。



標記中從右邊數起的第二節有錯字,應為600-690。
這裡沒有足夠的數據來做詳細的分析,但有8000考生的時間分配。




一個聰明的人曾經說過:“沒有人因為填鴨式教育就能變得比較強,也沒有人不使用腦筋卻可以變聰明的。”想得到 MBA學位嗎?那就當個領導者吧。

§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com


§ 資料來源:http://gmatclub.com/...rney-80727.html
July 18, 2011 by Hello US.com
原文文章:

GMAT Study Plan for GMAT Novices

Hello - welcome to GMAT Club.
If you are new to GMAT and looking how to start and dip your toe in the water - this is the right place to start.

Step 1: First, You should familiarize yourself with the GMAT structure and principles if you have not done so already - see GMAT FAQ for details. You can also visit http://www.mba.com and poke around. While you are there - go ahead and download GMATPrep- 2 practice tests released by makers of the GMAT. These 2 tests contain real GMAT questions, follow real GMAT principles, and are the best at estimating your GMAT score at any point in time..


Step 2: Take a practice test to find out how far you are from your target . Many believe it is a good use of one of the free GMAT Prep tests(I'll tell you to actually get more than 2 tests out of the package later). The main reason it is a good use is that you can see your starting point (now) and then compare it against the ending (taking GMAT). Alternatively you can use any other computer adaptive test from Princeton, Kaplan, Manhattan, or others and then use GMAT Score Estimator/Calculatorto find your real GMAT equivalent. If you are offered to write an Essay (AWA) - skip it. For listing of all available GMAT tests - see all-gmat-cat-practice-tests-links-prices-reviews-77460.html

Step 3: Find out what GMAT score you actually need. Just to give you an idea - You need 700 for Top 10 schools, 680 for Top 20, and 650 for Top 50 to pass - meaning your score should not be an issue and you will need something 50 points higher to actually stand out. Most people are able to improve between 50 and 150 points - that should give you an estimate of what you can count on based on the diagnostic test you just took.

Step 4: Figure out your weaknesses - take a look at your practice test score and note the raw score distribution (you will get one three digit score such as 600 and 2 two-digit scores such as 35, 40 - those two are your raw scores for each of the sections. They have corresponding percentiles). See how you rank in each. Also, do a basic mistake analysis and understand which question types are the most challenging for you. The options are PS, DS, CR, RC, SC and potentially even more detailed such as probability, or assumption questions, etc. Use this information to build your study plan.

Step 5: Design your study plan - finally!
You need to build up your toolkit and get some ammo for the GMAT. You will need books to review fundamentals/test taking strategies and GMAT tests to practice those strategies and also evaluate your prep level. For GMAT book reviews, see this discussion: top-gmat-prep-books-guides-reviews-comments-77703.html
For collection of all GMAT Tests available today: all-gmat-cat-practice-tests-links-prices-reviews-77460.htmlFinally - chart/plot/graph your study plan - use this calendar format

Step 6: Avoid typical GMAT prep mistakes and pitfalls.
Here is the most common one I see - jumping into questions and tests completely unprepared and expecting results/miracles. GMAT consists of several layers and it is important to master each one before moving on to the next - think of it as of Maslow's hierarchy of needs. There is no use in satisfying your social needs before you can take care of basic needs such as safety and food. The same is here, if you don't know the underlying principles that GMAT is testing (such as grammar, arithmetic, etc) there is no use in solving hundreds of questions or taking multiple GMAT tests. This means that if English is not your native language, you should not work on the RC strategies if you can't understand half of the passage - you need to get comfortable reading long passages of text before moving on. To illustrate this principle, consider the following hierarchy for the GMAT:



In the General Knowledge stage cover basics for a chapter/section/area
In the Question Strategies stage start practicing questions either for the area you just covered or for an entire section but don't attempt questions for sections you have not covered yet
In the Test Strategies start taking full length tests and practice on putting questions and knowledge together



Here is one of the most common GMAT study plans used by GMAT Club Members:


Use one of the general guidebooks i.e. Kaplan PremiereBook (see here for a full list of recommended books) to learn basic concepts and strategies. You can see how you perform on the Kaplantests after going through the Premiere book. (Note that Kaplan scores are sometimes off compared to the real GMAT, so don't get too hung up on it).

Month 1

•Start with Math section first and focus just on math alone (you can do both math and verbal but I suggest you put all attention into one). Plan to spend 4 weeks on it.
•Start using an Error Log- keep track of your mistakes and guesses -this will become your study guide in Month 3.
•Optional Step: If you are feeling the load is too heavy and you are really weak in Math - get MGMAT Math Foundationsbook; it is great in providing a more general overview of math concepts.
•At the same time, start reading GMAT Fiction(see below for details on what it is for)
•Get involved with the Math Forum- you will learn a lot esp. when you try to teach someone or explain something
•After you are done with the math section - start taking the math portion of the tests you have.
•Evaluate results and decided if you need to spend more time in Math and patch up certain weak areas or move on to Verbal. This decision will be based on your target GMAT score. If you are looking for high 600's and 700's, I would not move past Quant unless I was able to score around Q44 (again Kaplan tests excluded as they are much harder)
•If you need additional help in Quant - refer to the Math Resourceson GMATClub or the GMAT Math Books section. In particular Manhattan GMAT Number Propertiesbook comes highly recommended by many members. Another book you may consider is the PR 1012- it contains targeted GMAT practice questions, which could be helpful in honing one's skills.
•If you are comfortable with Quant but want to get to Q50+, use the GMAT Club Tests- they contain only hard questions and were designed as practice for high-level math scorers.

Month 2


•Start working on the Verbal section. You can start with any section, but my suggestion would be to tackle Sentence Correction first
•Error Log!
•Sentence Correction Optional Step: If you are not a native speaker, you will need a good grammar book that steps beyond GMAT and gives you a strong background that you can use as a foundation for GMAT-specific books. Several grammar books are recommended on the Forum (best-gmat-grammar-book-for-international-students-79934.html). We have created a book specifically for this need - Ultimate GMAT Grammar(it covers all of the tested grammar topics on the GMAT, plus a bit more concepts that international students seem to struggle the most (articles, etc)). Other books to consider are Kaplan Verbal Foundations and MGMAT Verbal Foundations - they are very well written but still not as detailed as Ultimate GMAT Grammar. This is for you to decide how much help you need or how much time you have. Also, take a look at GMAT Club's Verbal Resources for many copies of study notes.
•For your verbal practice, you can start with Kaplan Verbal Workbook - it has good strategies. However a very good alternative is the PowerScore Verbal Bible - i would say it is a good notch higher in terms of value and score improvement. It covers SC, CR, and RC.
•Optional Step: A large number of GMAT Club members actually skip the step above and instead use specialized books to tackle each of the questions types. The books they use are:

◦Sentence Correction - either MGMAT SC or PowerScore SC
◦Critical Reasoning - either MGMAT CR or PowerScore CR
◦Reading Comprehension - MGMAT RC
◦Note1: MGMAT CR and MGMAT SC come without any practice questions. Instead they refer to questions in the Official Guide 12 and OG Verbal, so you must have those two books to practice and preferably should not have covered it in the past. On the positive note - all Manhattan books come with access to 6 online CAT tests, so you should buy at least one Manhattan GMAT book (any one of them).
◦Note2: This approach of specialized prep takes closer to 2 months for verbal
•Critical Reasoning Optional Step: If you need additional help with Critical Reasoning - Do not get both PowerScore CR and Manhattan GMAT CR - the books are virtually identical (not really but kind of). Instead you can again use the PR 1012 book for targeted practice with Assumption or Conclusion questions or you can go very heavy weight and use LSAT books, but that's a tad too hardcore and usually unnecessary.
•Reading Comprehension is often the hardest areas to conquer - there are no clear rules and it is all about understanding of the passage. Unless you strongly feel that Reading is your forte, I would recommend you pick up a reading habit for the time being. I have written a large post on what I call GMAT Fiction and its benefits - take a look. I felt that reading books was a big contributor to my SC and RC abilities. There are no downsides to this really - worst thing possible is that you would have read some great books. And yes - make sure you read them during your low productivity time (at night, during transit, etc).
•Verbal forum should be your hobby by now
•Take the verbal-only portion of the tests to evaluate your progress (compare to how you did in the diagnostic test).

Month 3

•This month should be spent on 2 things: taking full length tests (polishing your test taking techniques, timing, stamina) and Reviewing your error log (going through your weaknesses, making sure you understand why you keep making mistakes and how to solve every problem you encountered). You can start using Error log earlier than this by the way - the earlier the better.
•Schedule your test if you have not done so already.
•Start taking full length tests (including AWA) - this is important for your test stamina. Plan to spend a Saturday on this and then subsequent test review.
•Spend a few weeks taking tests and drilling down into your areas of weakness. Create a "black list of questions" that you continue to struggle with and find a way to solve them with minimal mental effort.


Common Mistakes with GMAT preparation
1: Rushing to take tests before learning anything - waste of tests
2: Starting with the Official Guide - waste of official GMAT questions
3: Giving GMAT the worst time of the day - studying after a long day
4: Skipping basics and rushing to advanced topics
5: Starting to prepare with poor English proficiency



Other thoughts/suggestions:
A recommendation which seems to be working for me... SUDOKU and RUBIK's CUBE...! Bit abstract just like your recommendation to read GMAT fiction... these to me have been working as priming tools... by DestinyChild


How long should you prep really?


The study plan above suggests 3 months, and that's probably 10-15 hours per week (2 hrs/work day and 5 hours on the weekend).
Over 3 months, that's about 120 - 180 hours, which includes reading some books, so the true study time is probably 80 - 120 hrs.

Here is some useful information from about 8,000 users GMAC surveyed earlier this year - you can see a general relationship though of course there is no guarantee since we don't know the study habits or the starting level.


There is a typo in the label for the second bar from the right; it should be 600-690



There is not enough data to do a detailed analysis but here is the distribution of the amount of time the 8,000 test takers used




A smart person once said: "No one ever got stronger by being spoonfed nor has anyone gotten smarter by not using their brain." Want to get an MBA? Be a leader.
MAYBE YOU NEED / 小補助讓HelloUS繼續成長
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【學長姐經驗分享】動畫師HUNG:「迪士尼改變了我的人生」
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留學美國或是英國好? **
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【學長姐經驗分享】公共行政博士生林俞君: 告訴自己放棄太容易
訪問留學生時我總是很好奇"何時有的念頭?"與"為什麼?",我很羨慕俞君在大學時就...
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影響美國大學獎學金申請因素
一般情況下,美國各學校在考察申請者時,會主要考慮以下幾個因素:學習成績、標準考試...
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how to use "diarrhea"
剛看到新聞 -2591032.htm 那到底拉肚子該怎麼說呢?不能說di...
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紐約有大型電子遊樂場嗎?**
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【學長姐經驗分享】Constance : 提早計畫,積極態度創造未來
Constance的求學經歷很特別,不同於一般人都是去進修碩士學位,Consta...
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買一輛進口車, 運回去台灣, 步驟一二三
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