工作vs碩士該如何選擇
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October 14, 2010 by HelloUS
工作vs碩士該如何選擇?


§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com
Q:
由於我在大學時主修是英文,我的父母告訴我在明年畢業時,我可能會很難找到工作。他們希望我繼續攻讀碩士學位(與就業市場需求的相關系所),因為他們認為在未來找工作時,對我會較有幫助。(我的父母說到願意幫助我攻讀碩士,這點讓我感到很感激。)

但是,我真的不願意去申請,老實說,我已經有點厭倦當學生的生活了,我已經準備好要到現實世界中多多吸取些經驗。我真的很想進入Peace Corps公司,但是我的父母卻跟我說這是不切實際的想法。請問您有什麼建議嗎?

A:
毫無疑問的,目前的就業市場是很困窘的,且對於剛畢業的新鮮人,這樣的情況還會持續一段時間。根據National Association of Colleges and Employers指出,2010年有1/4工作的職缺,願意使用今年剛畢業的新鮮人。確實,這比起去年春天就業市場是進步很多的。去年僅有19.7%的雇主願意使用當年的畢業生。NACE報告指出,在經濟衰退23%時,難怪就已經有28%的大學畢業生願意去攻讀碩士學位。

這也難怪,你的父母會擔心你未來在就業市場上的競爭力。但是,市場上的需求是什麼?這是一個問題,在你要申請學校前,你可以試著去尋找這個問題。建議你可以去閱讀一本新書,由Barbara Cooke所著作─Parent's Guide to College and Careers: How to Help, Not Hover(約US$ 12.95),這是非常有用的一本書,作者是長期擔任Kansas城的就業顧問。也就是說,你必須嘗試去找出你未來想要做什麼,以及未來碩士學位要攻讀什麼科系,讓你能夠更接近你自己的目標

Cooke說道”通常,人們會認為在雇主眼中,更高的教育將會讓自身的價值提高許多”。她補充說,”高等教育本身就是一個價值數十億元的交易,在具有高度發展性的就業市場中,一個碩士學位將會是你成功的門票。”

在某些情況下,確實是真的,cooke說道:”如果你是精通語言的病理學家,就算你的程度不高,還是會有醫療機構需要去聘用你的”或”如果你計劃未來想要從事歷史教學,那麼你需要再回去學校進修”。§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com

但是,如果你已經確定目標,那麼若是你不清楚目標是什麼時,去急於取得碩士學位也是言之過早的。Cooke觀察發現”大多數的雇主對於學術以外的工作經驗,如同許多的研究生課程”。”在工作和碩士學位之間,要找到正確抉擇之前,有些人會想想願意在哪些領域工作、那個領域工作的內容是否能夠勝認、或許你也可以問問看已經在該領域工作的人,此工作需要哪些技能、他們是如何得到此工作的…等”。

也許那些前輩,會推薦你攻讀碩士學位,但是也有可能會建議你可以先去找此工作較為初級的工作或是去實習。Cooke說道”這就是你必須真正考慮是否投資25,000美元和花上你兩年的時間在自己身上”。”收集足夠的相關訊息和做出明智決定是息息相關的,究竟你要的是什麼?”

現在你很希望能夠加入Peace Corps公司:在很多方面,比起你父母的選擇,這確實是個很明確的選擇。首先,最基本的:加入Peace Corps,可以在77個國家工作服務,可以獲得生活津貼、免費醫療和保險、兩年超過48天的休假。還可以償還助學貸款(部份或全部)、或是延期支付。服務結束後,將會收到7,425美元的津貼。

還有更多。在結束兩年服務後,Peace Corps的自願參加者有個優勢,就是若去申請聯邦政府的工作,將會有一年的工作機會。

不想在美國工作?這也是沒問題的。不過在此前你必須要有外語和豐富的跨文化相關經驗。這些相關條件下,在全球經濟體下相信會有許多雇主喜歡這種人才的。

另外,在可能僱用你的人:Peace Corps有兩種研究生進修相關方案。其中,Peace Corps有著良好價值的信譽,約60所大專院校院願意再碩士學位時承認一些學分數。另外,從國外返回的美國志願研究員,有50所學校參與可以提供全額獎學金或減免學雜費的優惠入學方案。

最後你做的決定不是去進行攻讀碩士學位,就是進去Peace Corps任職。當你還在攻讀學位時,你也可以盡量去參加專業社團、注意新聞消息、相關blog等等,並了解你感興趣的領域。如此一來,當你去面試時,多少會有點專業基礎概念。
§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ((原文部份)) -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Get a job, or go to grad school?
§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com
Dear Annie: I hope you can settle an argument. My parents are saying that with my college major (English), it will probably be hard for me to find a job when I graduate next spring. They want me to go straight to grad school and get a master's degree, which they say will make me more "marketable." (They are willing to foot the bill, which I do appreciate.)

But I am really reluctant to start applying because, to be honest, I'm kind of tired of being a student and I'm ready for some kind of real-world experience. I'd really like to join the Peace Corps, which my parents say is "not practical." Do you have any advice? --Bickering in Boston

Dear B.B. : There's no doubt that the job market for new grads is tough, and likely to stay that way for a while. Just about one-quarter of the Class of 2010 had jobs lined up by graduation day, according to the National Association of Colleges and Employers. True, it's an improvement over last spring, when only 19.7% had been hired by graduation, but that isn't saying much. No wonder that 28% of new grads go straight into master's programs, NACE reports, up from about 23% before the recession.

It's also no wonder that your parents are concerned about your future marketability. But marketable as what? It's a question you should try to answer before applying to grad schools, suggests Barbara Cooke, a longtime Kansas City career counselor and author of a highly useful new book called Parent's Guide to College and Careers: How to Help, Not Hover (Jist, $12.95). That is, try to figure out what you want to do, and how a master's degree will get you closer to your goal.§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com

"Often, people assume that more education will make you 'worth more' to employers, but it isn't always true," Cooke notes. She adds that "higher education is itself a multibillion-dollar business, with sophisticated marketing departments working hard to convince you that a graduate degree is your ticket to success."

In some cases, it really is: "If you're a speech pathologist, a master's is most likely the minimum degree you need in order for a health care provider to hire you," says Cooke. "Or if your plan is to teach history, again, you need grad school."

But until you've identified a goal, rushing off to get a master's degree may be premature. "Most employers outside of academia value work experience just as much as postgraduate studies, if not more so," observes Cooke. "To find the right balance between the two, talk to some people who are already in the field you'd like to work in, or who have the kind of job you think you'd like to get, and ask them how they got there."

They might recommend grad school, but they might advise you to look for an entry-level job or internship instead. "You really need to consider this the way you would any other investment of $25,000 or more, plus two years of your life," says Cooke. "Gather enough information to make an informed decision about what, exactly, you are likely to get out of it."

Now, about your hankering to join the Peace Corps: This is actually a more practical choice, in many ways, than your parents may realize. First, the basics: Volunteers accepted into the Peace Corps, for service in any of the 77 countries where it operates, get a living allowance, free medical and dental coverage, and 48 days of vacation time over two years. They can also get their student loans either fully or partially repaid, or their loan payments deferred, depending on what type of loans they have. To help with the adjustment of reentry into the U.S. when their service is complete, they receive a $7,425 (pretax) stipend.§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com

There's more. At the end of two years of service, Peace Corps volunteers get a one-year edge (a year of "noncompetitive eligibility," meaning they automatically move to the head of the line) if they apply for any federal government job.

Don't want to work for Uncle Sam? No problem. You'll still have picked up at least one foreign language and some fairly intense cross-cultural experience -- which, in a global economy, many employers like.

Plus, this might please your folks: The Peace Corps has two graduate programs. One, Master's International, means that your stint in the Peace Corps is worth credits toward a master's degree at about 60 colleges and universities. The other, Fellows/USA, offers returned volunteers full scholarships or reduced tuition at more than 50 participating schools.

Let's say you do decide to go to grad school, either instead of the Peace Corps or after. A few more words of wisdom from Barbara Cooke: "Try not to put off networking until you've got the degree. While you're still in school, join professional associations, read the trade press and industry blogs, and learn the field you're interested in. That way, when you go to job interviews, you'll have something relevant to say."

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