從大學教授的角度來看:大學生和研究生的差別
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September 23, 2010 by HelloUS.com



§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com

從大學教授的角度來看:大學生和研究生的差別

GradSchools.com最近採訪教授Colleen Lelli,訪問有關大學生和研究生的差別及教授如何看待兩個學習者間的差異。Colleen Lelli在Cabrini College獲得大學學位,在Arcadia University攻讀閱讀碩士及在Widener University完成閱讀及語言博士。她曾在高中任特殊教育老師七年,現在是Cabrini College的全職教授。
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問題一你在為研究所做的準備和大學有不一樣嗎?如果有,那準備的方式為何?

回答一:當然,我為兩個做的準備是不一樣的。研究所的學生相對於大學生,水準有比較高的程度。研究所的學生通常被老師期待有比較高的研究能力和深度應用的知識。然而,研究所學生也有其他的職責,那當然會是教授所參考的部分。


問題二你對於研究所的期待和大學有什麼不一樣?

回答二:研究所學生通常都應該要提供有見解且相關的經驗於課堂上。研究所的學生應該已經具備相關背景的經驗,應用於更多的課堂研究和教室討論。

問題三特色化是您認為最能形容研究所老師和學生之間的關係。那和大學的有什麼不一樣呢?
回答三:在大學部,老師要指導學生,讓他們進步為更出色的研究者,和在不同議題上有更嚴謹的思考。但到研究所,我一直都把老師視為尋求肯定和方向的聽眾。

問題四你有什麼樣的建議給予準備要唸研究所的學生?
回答四:學生要認真努力念書。他們必須同時應付生活上許多問題,還要可以專心於研究所上的工作。學生要願意成為班級中的提供有用資訊者並且在領域中持續研究。

問題五研究所學生可以在課程開始時,有怎麼樣的期待?

回答五:當學校的課程開始,學生會感覺到不知所措。一旦習慣了同時工作的壓力、生活中的大小事還有學會設定時間管理計畫,那就會輕鬆許多了!靠著遵守時間管理計畫,學生會感到不再那麼茫然,也對於研究所的責任更能上手。

問題六為什麼你會鼓勵學生去讀研究所?

回答六:我認為教育是很重要的。教育是一種力量,具備更多知識的學生在專業領域中是比較受尊重的,且也會擁有比較好的人際關係、社會能力和研究知識。

問題七你如何滿足研究所學生的各式各樣需求?

回答七:我知道學生有各式各樣的計畫、強項和需求。每一位學生也有著不同的學習模式和需求。我會考量所有學生的狀況和了解每一位學生的所擁有的,那可能是其他人沒有的。

問題八你有看過你的研究所學生同時平衡學校、工作和生活嗎?(尤其是已經成年的學生)
回答八:我認為我的成人學生看起來好像很能夠平衡他們很多的問題,像是學校啊!生活啊!還有工作!其他有些學生可能不行,那是因為比較大的學生通常能夠跟上還沒有知道的問題。

§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com

Undergradate VS Graduate School : A professor’s perspectives

Information compiled by the GradSchools.com team - last updated August 2010

GradSchools.com had the opportunity to speak with Professor Colleen Lelli about the differences between being an undergraduate and a graduate student, and how professors perceive the two types of learners. Colleen Lelli received her bachelor's degree from Cabrini College, her master's degree in Reading from Arcadia University, and recently completed a doctoral degree in reading and language arts at Widener University. She was a special-education classroom teacher at the high school level for seven years, and is currently a full-time faculty education instructor at Cabrini College.

Q: Do you prepare differently for graduate students than you do for undergrads? If so, how?

A: Yes, I do prepare differently. Graduate students are held to a higher caliber than undergraduate students. Graduate students are expected to have better research skills and more in-depth and applied knowledge. However, graduate students may have other responsibilities, and that is a consideration most professors take into account.


Q: What are your expectations of your grad students in contrast to those for your undergrads?

A: Graduate students are expected to provide insight and relevant experiences to classroom content. Graduate students should already have the relevant background experiences necessary for further exploration for research and insightful classroom discussions.


Q: Characterize as best you can the student/teacher relationship in graduate school and how it differs from the undergrad relationship.

A: At the undergraduate level, the teacher needs to guide students to
become better researchers and to think more critically regarding various issues. At the graduate level, I almost see the teacher more as a sounding board for affirmation or guidance in issues regarding the graduate program.


Q: What would you tell graduate students they need to do in order to prepare for graduate school?

A: Students need to work hard! They need to be prepared to juggle many life issues at once and be able to focus on the work in graduate school. They need to be willing to be a class contributor and continue in the area of research.


Q: What can graduate students expect when beginning a program?

A: When beginning a program, students should expect to feel overwhelmed. Once the student gets used to juggling work, life responsibilities and graduate school, it will become easier. My best advice is to develop a schedule and develop a time management plan. By sticking to a time management plan, the student will feel less overwhelmed and be better able to handle the new responsibilities of graduate school.


Q: Why would you encourage people to attend graduate school?

A: I feel that all education is important. Education is power, and the more
knowledge students have regarding their area of study, the better people skills, social skills and research skills they will have.


Q: How do you try to meet the flexibility needs of your grad students?

A: I try to understand that students have various schedules, strengths and needs. Every student has different learning styles and needs. I try to take each student's situation into account and realize that what one student needs, another may not.


Q: How have you seen your graduate students (particularly adults) balance school, work and life?

A: I must say my adult learners seem to do very well with balancing the many issues they have going on, such as school, life and work. Not to say that my other students don't do well, it's just that the adult learners seem to be able to keep up with little or no foreseen problems.

From : gradschool.com