第一步:為什麼選擇碩士學位呢?Why go to grad school
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September 17, 2010 by HelloUS.com



§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com

為什麼選擇碩士學位呢?

Information compiled by the GradSchools.com team - updated August 2010

經過大學四年的生活後,你為自己贏得一個學位!下一部的計劃呢?? 研究所!!

現在談申請研究所,或是把研究所課程當成人生的下一步,可能有點困難。特別是,如果你想要的工作,要求要碩士學位、或是你想要起薪比較高的話,準備好研究所,會讓你的大學生涯更加不一樣。和大學不同的是,研究所的課程當中沒有概括性的課程,也沒有選修課;研究所的課程設計遠比大學課業更加的專精,研究的領域也更為深奧,讓學生可以掌握自己的研究領域,學生會把所有的時間都專注於自己的研究中。這是因為你在研究所的目標是獲得未來職場上所需的專業訓練。

更高學位的好處有很多,賺錢也是原因之一。很多人工作了幾年,為了要讓自己現在的工作更進步而回到學校;也有許多人回來是為了要做職涯的改變。,因為他們的興趣和技能也在進步。以下說明一些研究生教育比只擁有學士學位更有優勢的地方。
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緊密的合作關係

你會發現你和教授的關係跟在大學不一樣。研究所教授把自己的學生看成是同事一般。教授們了解學生念研究所是做了人生重大的決定,並且完全的投入。他們不會把學生當成一般的學生,而是看待學生為相同地位的人,分享類似的興趣。 教授也知道學生是嚴肅且專心的看待研究,他們對於學生工作也抱有更高的期待。在研究所,相較於大學,教授不太給學生考試;教授要求更多的寫作和研究。並且期待學生有更多的能力獨自完成工作。研究所教授並不會一步步告訴你怎麼做,而是教導學生觀念和想法,鼓勵學生自己發展。研究所課程不再是大量的演講,有的是學生的課堂討論。同時,你會知道你在研究所的友誼和相處,會遠比你在之前的學校中還要更深遠。

專心一致和追求熱情

當在大學的時候,你不知道你特別喜歡什麼或是想要從事的行業。在研究所裡,你會有更清楚的目標和更遠大的動機,也準備好在自己歡的領域裡,投入更多的心血在繁重的工作中。不過,要指望在大學中,找到一個真正引起你興趣的科目。研究所的學習可以讓你在專業領域中,進一步發展更專業的技能;提供機會去獲得把知識應用在實際領域中的經驗。你也會被許多跟你有相同興趣的學生和教授環繞。這些都讓學習更加豐富,也因同儕的合作,創造出參與的歸屬感。

無形的職涯優點

大家都知道碩士會比學士學位的威望更高,這樣的認知也存在於當公司和學校要應徵新的人。擁有碩士學位的人通常比較吃香。碩士學位是增加工作滿意度和自信的一大利器。學生有比較多的人脈機會,同時也獲取許多既使工作數年也得不到的知識和訓練。他們同時也有比較高的工作和生活平衡,因為他們早有需要同時讀書和工作的經驗。更近一步,碩士學生通常可以在工作上有比較高的待遇,並且持續的相對於大學生較快的速度,發展自己的事業。基本上來說,不論你是要管理他人或是開創自己的事業,碩十學位都可以讓你獲得比較多的信任。

有形的職涯助益

有碩士學位和博士學位的人,都有比學士更高的薪水收入。碩士學位的擁有者,相對於只有大學的人,都有較好的教育回饋。Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC)最近發現徵才的人最近正尋找應徵者具備有「軟技巧」,如:領導力或溝通力。最後,他們都會在碩士學位的學生身上,發現這些技能。

Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC)在2006年MBA競爭報告中發現,擁有比較高學位的人都會有比較高的收入。舉例來說,MBA學生的起薪是92000美元,幾乎是大學生的兩倍收入。研究也指出,三分之二的MBA學生可以獲得有可觀分紅的機會;百分之五十二的人也在畢業前就已經有工作的機會或是任命。

最後,如果你夢想要成為一個社會工作者、大學教授、律師、醫生、心理醫生、或是治療專家,你會知道這些證照都需求碩士學位。

不論你是享受學術環境或是還沒有準備好面對工作市場,又或者是想要貢獻更多給社會,甚至是在校內任職,研究所都將會是你的下一步。你還在等什麼呢?

§ 原創翻譯:Hello US § http://www.HelloUS.com

________________________________________原文_____________________

So you have made it through four years of college and have earned your degree. Now what? Good question. Ready for the answer? Graduate school.
While it may be difficult to consider more schooling, consider making graduate school your next step, particularly if you want to land a job that requires more than a four-year degree or you want a higher starting salary. Just be prepared that your graduate education will differ greatly from your undergraduate experience. Unlike your undergrad degree, there are no general studies requirements in graduate school. There are no electives. Your field of study is narrower and delves deeper, forcing a mastery of your chosen field, and you will spend the length of your schooling on your specific subject. This is because your goal in grad school will be to gain the specialized training necessary for the career toward which you are working.
The benefits of an advanced degree are numerous, and so are the reasons for earning one. Many people return to school after working for a few years in order to advance in their current career, and many others are returning to change their career, as their interests and skills have evolved. The following illustrate some advantages graduate studies have over undergraduate studies.
Relationships with faculty
You will find that your relationship with your professors will be different in graduate school; graduate professors often show a peer-like respect for their students. They know their students have made a big life decision and commitment by attending grad school, and they rarely view them as pupils, instead seeing them as equals who share a similar interest. They know that their students are serious and focused, and they expect a higher level of work because of it. In graduate school, professors give fewer tests than in undergraduate studies; instead, they require more writing and research, and expect you to have the ability to work independently. Graduate professors do not hold your hand, but rather present you with concepts and ideas to encourage individual direction. Courses will typically involve more discussion than lectures, and you will discover that the friendships and connections you make in graduate school are deeper than your previous education experiences.
Immersion and the pursuit of passion
It is likely that, when you were an undergraduate, you did not know specifically what you wanted to do for a career. As a graduate student, you will develop clearer goals and possess greater motivation as well as a commitment to doing more intensive work in a field that you love. Hopefully, during your undergraduate studies, you found a subject that truly piqued your interest; graduate work gives you the opportunity to further develop your skills in that area. Graduate work also affords the opportunity to obtain hands-on experience to help you apply your knowledge to the real world. You will be surrounded by professors and other students who are as passionate about your field of study as you are. This makes studying a more enriching and collaborative effort, and promotes a sense of belonging for all involved.
Intangible career advantages
It's no secret that a graduate degree is more prestigious than an undergraduate degree, and this fact is not lost on companies and institutions when they seek new employees. Graduate studies can ensure enhanced qualifications for a career, which typically result in better, higher-level jobs. A graduate degree is a great achievement that increases job satisfaction and self-confidence. Graduate students have more networking opportunities, and receive knowledge and training that would take years or cannot be learned on the job; they also have a superior work/life balance, as many grad students must work and study at the same time. Further, people with graduate degrees are likely to start their careers at a higher level and continue to advance your career at a faster rate than those who earned only a bachelor's degree. Basically, whether you want to manage others or start your own business, a graduate degree can earn you the extra credibility you need for success.
Tangible career advantages
Those with master's or doctoral degrees are poised to earn significantly higher salaries than those with a bachelor's degree. Holders of a graduate degree end up being better compensated for their education than if they had stopped at the undergrad level. The Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC), recently found that recruiters are looking for employees with "soft skills," such as leadership and communication. Recruiters are finding these skills in the prospective employees who have earned graduate degrees.
The GMAC Global MBA Survey 2006 Comprehensive Report underscores the fact that people with advanced degrees earn a higher salary than people with just an undergrad degree; for example, it showed that starting salaries for MBAs in business-related fields can be upwards of $92,000 per year, nearly double the earnings of people with undergraduate degrees. The report also states that two-thirds of MBA students receive job offers that include a significant signing bonus, and that 52 percent of students working toward their MBAs receive and/or accept job offers before they even graduate.
Last, if your dream is to become a social worker, college professor, lawyer, doctor, psychologist, therapist, etc., you will find that state licensing requirements make a graduate education mandatory.
So, whether you enjoy academia and are not ready for the often difficult job market, want to contribute more to society or simply need more schooling for your chosen profession, graduate school is the next logical step towards a career. What are you waiting for?

Resource from grad.com
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